About CBD, Hemp, Cannabis, and THC

 

What is CBD?

CBD, which is short for Cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis Sativa plant, which is more commonly known as marijuana or hemp. It was allegedly discovered around 1940 and is currently one of 113 discovered cannabinoids from cannabis. It is said to account for over a third of cannabis extract from the plant.

The substance occurs naturally in hemp and is used in all of our products such as CBD oil, CBD Vape & Eliquids, Gummies, Capsules and topicals that many people are using as an addition to general wellness and lifestyle. Unlike its "cousin", Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is not mind altering, THC is the most commonly known cannabis compound which is known for providing the psychoactive effect in recreational use. 

Growing Cannabis Plant | Organically grown in Switzerland

 

What is the difference between CBD and THC? 

CBD (cannabidiol), is a major component of the hemp plant. Hemp is a species of cannabis called Cannabis Sativa L. It is a 'cousin' to marijuana and different in the fact that it contains significantly lower levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) than marijuana. Hemp plants are generally categorised (in the US and EU) as having levels of THC lower than 0.3% (in Switzerland the legal limit of THC in cultivating hemp is up to 1%). Hemp tends to contain higher levels of CBD than marijuana. 

 

So Youre Saying CBD won't get me high ?

Provided you are using CBD that is extracted from hemp as opposed to marijuana and extracted correctly you will not get high. All of our products at Dr Watson CBD are made using CBD isolate or CBD broad spectrum distillate from hemp, so when you buy CBD oil online with us, you can be 100% confident that you will not feel funny after using any of our CBD Supplements.

 

Types of CBD Extract

I hear people talking about CBD products that are made with CBD Isolate, Broad Spectrum CBD Extract, or Full Spectrum CBD Extract. What do they mean and what is the difference?

CBD Isolate - This is when a product is made using CBD that is Isolated from all other compounds in cannabis, this is the only cannabinoid that is in the product. Our strong CBD Eliquids & CBD Vape Pod System are made using CBD Isolate combined with natural flavours and cannabis terpenes. Typically these products do not have the cannabis flavour but are more fruity and sweeter.

Broad Spectrum CBD - This is when the product is made with more of a whole plant extract. There is multiple cannabinoids in the extract used in the product, this gives a slightly more hempy flavour, it is said that products that are broad spectrum are generally more effective as cannabinoids work in conjunction together and create something called the "entourage effect". Dr Watson CBD Gummies, CBD Oils, and Big Hit 50% Vape Device are made using broad spectrum distillate that is THC free.

Dr Watson CBD Gummies | Broad Spectrum Hemp 300mg & Amazing FlavourFull Spectrum CBD - This is when extract includes all forms of cannabinoids, as well as THC. There has been little or no effort to remove any cannabis compound. A lot of brands label their product full spectrum without knowing the difference, in the UK if a product is full spectrum it likely contains THC and is therefore illegal. So they are either mislabelling accidentally or knowingly have over the legal THC content in the  product. None of our products are made with full spectrum extract.

 

What methods are there of taking CBD?

There are numerous methods of taking CBD, which method is best for an individual is entirely up to preference. The most common form of taking CBD is via  oil follow by vape, but people also commonly take high strength CBD gummies, capsules to ingest CBD. More recently people are also using CBD topicals (to be applied to skin) such as body lotions & face creams, lip balm and muscle balm.

The best CBD oil supplements are a great addition to your diet for general lifestyle and wellness, finding the one that works for you best is a matter of personal preference and trial and error

 

So what is the point of taking CBD?

Since 2017/2018 CBD has become a sort of buzz word around the internet and the concept has passed between social groups all over the world. Which ultimate led to the main question in what he hope to answer on this page. Hopefully we sort of know what it is by now, but what is it used for?  

Many are looking torward alternate natural remedies in place of pharmaceutical drugs due to the highly addictive and damaging nature of them, Cannabis based products are one of these remedies that people having been looking for more and more. Many people are searching for the best CBD vape or CBD Supplement to add to their diet for its general lifestyle and wellbeing properties. 

While some of the most commonly searched terms are CBD oil for anxiety, CBD oil for sleep, and CBD oil for pain, our products are not designed to diagnose, treat, or cure ANY form of physical or mental illness, please contact your GP for advise if you need help with anything.

 

Where is CBD and THC found in the plant?

Cannabinoids (CBD, THC, and hundreds of others) are mostly found in the flowers (also called buds) of matured cannabis plants, and this is generally what is used to get cannabinoid extracts. There is, however, low levels of CBD in the stalks and stems, but no more than a few percent. In certain jurisdictions CBD products can only be made using extracts from the stalk and stem of the cannabis plant. 

 

So what is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

It can be confusing at first, but hemp and marijuana are both cannabis! In fact there are a few variations of cannabis: Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. The first two (Indica and Sativa) are by far the most renowned. Indica strains of cannabis are higher in THC, and sativa strains are lower in THC and higher in CBD. Sativa strains can also grow much taller than other cannabis plants, reaching up to 20 feet high (that's 3 times taller than our favourite basketball player Kobe Bryant).

 

Here is a diagram to summarise the cannabis family tree:  

The key difference is the THC content. THC has been the focus of scientific research and the only widely-known cannabinoid for decades. This all changed in the early 2000s when GW pharmaceuticals started investing heavily into research and development of (now FDA approved) pharmaceutical drugs containing CBD. Around 2016 CBD hit the US and European markets, and since then the market for CBD products and the hype around CBD has continued to grow. 

 

What should I look out for when trying to buy CBD Online?

There are now so many CBD products to buy online and in stores it is confusing for people to know what's what. 

When buying CBD products it is important to look for the following: 

1. Lab tests and certificates of analysis - These will show you whats in the products and will also show you that you are dealing with a genuine CBD company - Like us. Many companies have been caught mislabelling and misrepresenting what's in their products due to the lack of regulation in the industry - please check for lab certificates before purchasing from anyone.

2. Pricing - CBD is expensive because the raw materials are expensive, so watch out for products that make claims of super high strengths (20%+) but at super low prices. There are some brands out there advertising hemp seed oil as CBD oil. FYI, hemp seed oil contains no CBD. 

3. Companies that have scientists behind their products and working in their company is always a good sign. We are lucky to work closely with Dr Richard Watson out of the US who sets the standard to our production methods and quality controls here at Dr Watson CBD.

4. Companies that make health claims - These are strictly forbidden by the FDA, MHRA and many other food standard agencies around the world. If a company is claiming it will cure illness X & Y. It shows that they are ignorant of the laws and requirements surrounding the retail of CBD supplements.

 

What is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system is a neuromodulator system that has a role in central nervous system development and in regulating a variety of physiological and cognitive processes.

It comprises of two types of receptors; CB1 and CB2. These pathways are made up of cells and receptors where messages are processed. Endocannabinoids are considered to be instrumental to the signals being sent to the right place and the right action being taken. Whether this action is inhibited or stimulated depends on the body’s needs.

Whilst we believe in our products 100%, and promise they are as the label states, we DO NOT make any recommendations or promises that they treat, cure or prevent anything.
 

What is the difference between one brand to the next?

When choosing the best CBD oil brand for your it can be hard to choose and know which one is right for you. Especially given the extreme saturation of the market and overhwhelming choice of brands offered to the public that have popped up in just the last few years alone. So what is the difference, given that all brands claim to have the best CBD products made with the highest quality ingredients. (Again we suggest seeking lab certificates for authenticity of products)

It generally comes down to subjective opinions on products. Efficacy, flavour and pricing are generally the key decision factors for most. We have a range of different flavours across a number of our products and different forms of intake to allow our consumer a wide selection to decide what is best for them. Our aim is to provide high quality products at affordable pricing. We do this by using only GMP certified CBD extracts and food grade flavourings, while selling our high strength CBD products at an affordable and below market rate.

 

I am an athlete, Am I allowed to use CBD in Sport?

In 2018 the World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) removed CBD from the controlled substances list, so that many athletes globally around the world are able to take their CBD legally without the worry of failing a drugs test, however some products may still contain trace amounts of THC so you would want to be careful with the type of CBD products you use. 

Though it currently down to individual governing bodies for each sport to determine whether CBD is allowed, for example, currently, the NBA and NFL do not allow CBD, where the NHL and MLB do. However basketball players from European league are allowed to use CBD. We always recommend seeking guidance from your sports governing body regarding the status of CBD and if it is allowed in your sport.

 

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons that are found in hundreds of plants around the world, and they are a source of a plant’s aroma and flavour. Terpenes are one way plants can defend themselves from predators. By excreting a pungent aroma, plants can repel certain bugs but can also attract the beneficial insects that they need for pollination.

Today, we have discovered about 100 different terpenes in cannabis. Each particular strain has its unique types and combination of terpenes in various concentrations. Terpenes work synergistically with cannabinoids. One indication for this is that some cannabis strains may have the exact same levels of THC and CBD, yet their effects can be quite different. Researchers are now discovering that terpenes have a direct link to the efficacy of cannabinoids.

 

Terpenes Used In Our Products

A-Pinene, B-Pinene, Beta Caryophyllene, Diene, Dimethyl octi dienol, Geraniol, Limonene, Linalool, Mentha, Myrcene

 

Can I use CBD for Anxiety, Sleep or Pain management?

While we believe in our products, they are not designed to treat or cure any form of illness, disease or ailment, we recommend you seek advice from your GP for any issues. We Categorically do not make any health claims with our products.

 

Here’s some chemistry for you